Services are useful, but they come with a price tag. The cost of developing a
service is higher than the cost of developing a traditional
(non-service-oriented) application, primarily due to the extra work and
infrastructure required. Another common concern when creating and consuming
services is the possibility of a performance hit. Together these issues hint
that even if you've decided to wholeheartedly adopt SOA, you may not want or
need to move all your functionality into services. This is where the
application Service Encapsulation becomes a focal point as we need specific
criteria to determine what should and should not be encapsulated into
To make this determination, we will take a look at three different aspects:
-- acceptable reasons for creating a service
-- costs associated with creating a service
-- and, of course, the performance ... (more)
One of the fundamental goals when designing service-oriented solutions is to
attain a reduced degree of coupling between services, thereby increasing the
freedom and flexibility with which services can be individually evolved.
Achieving the right level of coupling "looseness" is most often considered a
design issue that revolves around the service contract and the consumer
programs that form dependencies upon it.
However, for the service architect there are opportunities to establish
intermediate layers of abstraction within the service implementation that
further foster reduced... (more)
Should a service only be considered a service if it's reusable? The answer to
this question, as asserted by this pattern, is a firm "no." While agnostic
services (services providing multi-purpose logic with reuse potential, as per
the Agnostic Context pattern), receive the most attention during service
modeling and design phases, it can often be short-sighted to focus only on
agnostic service logic.
Non-agnostic logic represents any type of functionality that is unique to a
given business process or task. In other words, non-agnostic logic is
single-purpose in nature and therefo... (more)
Enterprise-wide harmonization is a desirable and ideal target state that
fully supports pretty much everything SOA and service-orientation stand for.
For those that have achieved such a state, bless your standardized hearts.
You have accomplished something that has eluded many others. However, not
attaining this state does not mean you cannot successfully adopt SOA.
In some circles it has become common to view an SOA initiative as an
all-or-nothing proposition that demands an uncompromising commitment to an
enterprise-wide transformation effort. For those that subscribe to this vi... (more)
Like data normalization, the Service Normalization pattern is intent on
reducing redundancy and waste in order to avoid the governance burden
associated with having to maintain and synchronize similar or duplicate
bodies of service logic."
You can see it introduces the Pattern on our publisher page.
When designing data architectures, you can easily end up with different
databases or even different database tables containing the same or similar
data. This has been the root of many well documented data maintenance and
quality issues that helped establish data normalization as widel... (more)